If I asked you to take a quick glimpse at your beauty vanity and pick your go-to moisturizer, what would it be? A face moisturizer is the most popular beauty product and chances are we all own a minimum of 3 bottles/ jars of this essential skincare item. However, and back to your brand of choice, regardless of how many hydrating creams exist in your bathroom shelf, why do you mostly favor one out of all? The answer to this lies in the ingredients.. What makes a superb moisturizer? Scroll below to reveal the 3 most important ingredients that when combined, result in the best hydrating aids in the beauty industry..
Three words to look for…
1 || Hydrators
Hyaluronic acid is the most crucial ingredient in any given moisturizer, it’s called a humectant. Since the molecule can hold up to 1,000 times its weight in water, imagine how much water a dry sponge can trap inside, that’s how hyaluronic acid physically retains moisture in your skin. Other ingredients which increase the water content of the skin and serve as humectants are glycerin, propanediol, and honey.
You might have never heard of them before, but another source of hydration is Natural Moisturizing Factors. NMFs are how your skin actually maintains moisture levels in its top layer.Saccharide isomerate, urea, sodium PCA, and amino acids are all examples of NMFs that aid in hydration.
2 || Smoothers
Unlike water-based ingredients, emollients stay on top of your skin to smooth out its surface and keep it soft, basically, they round out a moisturizer.. Smoothers tend to stick around while helping the hydrators you’ve applied into your skin from evaporating too quickly. The best emollients are barrier lipids like ceramides and fatty acids. Those lipids make up the skin’s protective barrier layer and maintain its function. They are a must-have to truly moisturize the skin, reduce flaking, and restore suppleness. Tocopherol, otherwise known as vitamin E, is an emollient with antioxidant properties. Oils also act as emollients, opt for squalane, which mimics the oil your skin makes called sebum. And, in oil-free lotions, you’ll probably find a silicone-based emollient instead of an oil-based one. Dimethicone is a silicone-based emollient in skin creams that glides on and smoothes everything nicely.
3 || Sealers
Last but not least, in order for your skin to seal the deal your chosen moisturizer needs to include occlusives.. A.K.A. sealers, those stay on the surface of the skin and slow evaporation, which is technically what emollients do, too, however, what separates lotions from rich creams is heavier occlusives like petroleum jelly, beeswax, lanolin, and capric/caprylic triglycerides. The thin film left behind by an emollient might be enough if your skin is oily, otherwise, a true occlusive will help you hold onto water the longest, helpful when your skin is dry or sensitized.
There you go, the 3 main ingredients that must be part of your moisturizing cream recipe. Naturally, any product would contain other stuff that make it even better, but the above mentioned will simplify your decision making and help you make the best buy..